מאמר בכתב עת: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

סוג הפרסום: מאמר בכתב עת
פורסם ע"י: יהונתן גז , Naveh-Benjamin, M. & Shulman, S
שנת הוצאה: 2004
שם הספר/כתב העת: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
שם המאמר: Older adults' associative deficit in episodic memory: Assessing the role of decline in attentional resources
עמודים: 1067-1073
מספר גיליון: 11 (6)

In this study, we evaluated an associative deficit hypothesis. This hypothesis suggests that the deficit seen in the episodic memory performance of older adults is due, in considerable part, to older adults’ difficulty in binding together unrelated components of an episode into a cohesive entity (Naveh-Benjamin, 2000). The study extended the conditions under which older adults show a differential deficit in tests requiring associations among the episode components to situations in which the item and the associative recognition tests are equated on the response mode used and on the amount of information displayed. In addition, we tested the potential role of a decrease in attentional resources in the associative deficit of older adults by comparing their performance to that of younger adults under conditions of reduced attentional resources. The results of the study, which indicate that younger adults under divided attention do not show an associative deficit, are interpreted as indicating that the associative deficit of older adults is due to factors other than depleted attentional resources.